A US journalist working for the Wall Street Journal has been formally arrested in Russia and accused of spying.
Evan Gershkovich, an experienced Russia reporter, was working in Yekaterinburg at the time of his detention.
The Wall Street Journal said it was “deeply concerned” for his safety and vehemently denied the allegations against him.
The Kremlin claimed the reporter had been “caught red-handed”.
Russia’s FSB security service said it had “halted illegal activities” and that the reporter had been “acting on US instructions” and “collecting state secrets”.
Hours later, the security service took him to Lefortovo district court in Moscow for his formal arrest. He was later seen being escorted from the building before being driven away. The court ordered his detention until 29 May.
His lawyer said he had not been allowed into the courtroom and Tass news agency reported the journalist had denied the charge.
The court had earlier been cleared of staff and visitors because of a bomb threat, Russia’s Ria state news agency said.
The FSB confirmed in its statement that Evan Gershkovich had foreign ministry accreditation while working in Yekaterinburg, 1,800km (1,100 miles) east of Moscow.
His most recent WSJ piece, published this week, reported on Russia’s declining economy and how the Kremlin was having to deal with “ballooning military expenditures” while maintaining social spending.
Press freedom watchdog Reporters Without Borders said his latest piece involved Russian mercenary group Wagner, which has taken part in some of the heaviest fighting in eastern Ukraine.
The Wall Street Journal said its reporter had dropped out of contact with his editors while working in Yekaterinburg on Wednesday afternoon. It had hired a lawyer to try to find him at the FSB headquarters in the city, but they told the lawyer they had no information.
The FSB claimed he had been detained “acting on US instructions” and that he had “collected information classified as a state secret about the activities of a Russian defence enterprise”.
It said its investigation department had launched a criminal espionage case and one source told Russian media it was classed as “top secret”.
In a statement, the Wall Street Journal said it stood in solidarity with the reporter and his family: “The Wall Street Journal vehemently denies the allegations from the FSB and seeks the immediate release of our trusted and dedicated reporter, Evan Gershkovich.”
“This is the responsibility of the FSB, they have already issued a statement,” said Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov. “The only thing I can add is, as far as we know, he was caught red-handed.”
Espionage in Russia carries a maximum jail term of 20 years.
Even before the full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, reporting from Russia had become increasingly difficult.
Independent journalists were labelled “foreign agents” and BBC Russia correspondent Sarah Rainsford was expelled from the country.
When the war began, Russia introduced a criminal offence for reporting “fake news” or “discrediting the army”, under which dozens of Russians have been convicted for criticising the invasion on social media.
Almost all independent media were silenced, shut down or blocked, including major outlets TV Rain, Echo of Moscow radio and newspaper Novaya Gazeta. Many Western media chose to leave Russia.
Evan Gershkovich has covered Russia for the Wall Street Journal for more than a year, having worked there previously for the AFP news agency and the Moscow Times. He began his career in the US.
Russian political expert Tatyana Stanovaya said his detention had come as a shock. In the FSB’s view of espionage, “collecting information” could simply mean gathering comments from experts, she said, while acting on US instructions could simply refer to his editors at the Wall Street Journal.
Russian foreign ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said what a Wall Street Journal employee was doing in Yekaterinburg had “nothing to do with journalism”.
It was not the first time the status of “foreign correspondent” had been used to “cover up activities that are not journalism”, she said.
Tensions between the Kremlin and the West have become increasingly tense in the 13 months of Russia’s war in Ukraine. Reporters Without Borders said it was “alarmed by what looks like retaliation”.
Several US citizens are being held in Russia. Days before the invasion, American basketball star Brittney Griner was detained at a Moscow airport and jailed for carrying cannabis oil. It was 10 months before she was freed in exchange for notorious Russian arms dealer Viktor Bout.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov told local news agencies that it was too early to discuss prisoner swaps.
“I would not even put the question in this plane now, because you understand that some exchanges that happened in the past took place for people who were already serving sentences,” he said.